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Ways Of Knowing, 4th Edition

By Yale D. Belanger

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Soft Cover
Publisher: Top Hat
Edition: 4th
Ways of Knowing is unique in that it emerges from the author’s deep engagement with the questions his students asked over the years as he taught the course at a variety of institutions. It is specifically designed for students being introduced to Indigenous issues for the first time, framed from an academic perspective and bridges the intellectual traditions of Indigenous Canadians and the academic study of Native peoples. Taking a historically grounded approach and writing in a narrative style that largely avoids technical language, Belanger includes unique chapters on Indigenous philosophy, Indigenous peoples’ relationship with the land, political economy, and the arts. It also continues to highlight the sociopolitical and socioeconomic challenges currently facing Canada’s Indigenous leaders and their communities nationally.


Historically grounded exploration of the wide variety of issues that inform the lives of Native peoples in Canada today.


Includes unique chapters on Native philosophy, language, art and literature, and writing about Native history and Native issues.


Highlights the sociopolitical and socioeconomic challenges impacting Native leaders and their communities nationally.


Written in a style that largely avoids technical language, this book is unique in that it is meant for first- and second-year students who are being introduced for the first time to Indigenous issues framed from an academic perspective.


Serves the need to recognize and rebuild Indigenous knowledge and to generate academic research that reflects Indigenous perspectives.

Fosters research approaches that more closely reflect Indigenous experiences.

Table of Contents

Part One: Philosophy and Ways of Knowing

Chapter 1: Ways of Knowing

Chapter 2: The Land and Indigenous Political Economy

Chapter 3: The Arts and Historic and Contemporary Communications


Part Two: History

Chapter 4: Treaties

Chapter 5: The Indian Act and Indian Affairs in Canada

Chapter 6: The Metis

Chapter 7: The Inuit of Canada

Chapter 8: Indigenous Military Traditions and the Canadian Forces


Part Three: Political Economy

Chapter 9: Political Organizing in Canada

Chapter 10: Indigenous Self-Government and Self-Determination

Chapter 11: Economic Development


Part Four: Contemporary Issues

Chapter 12: Indigenous People and the Canadian Justice System

Chapter 13: Indigenous Health in Canada

Chapter 14: Urban Indigenous Issues

Author Information

Yale D. Belanger

Dr.Yale D. Belanger (Ph.D.) is an Assistant Professor of Native American Studies (NAS) at the University of Lethbridge (Alberta). Trained as a political historian, his doctoral work at Trent University focused on the emergence and evolution of Aboriginal political organizations in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Canada. Currently the book review editor for the Native Studies Review, Dr. Belanger also sits (since 2002) on the editorial board of Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development (JAED). He is widely published in various edited compilations and in journals such as Canadian Foreign Policy, Saskatchewan Institute on Public Policy, Alberta History, Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Native Studies Review, and American Indian Quarterly. In 2006 he produced Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada (Purich), the first book-length treatment of casino gaming as developed by Canada's First Nations. In 2008 he edited the third edition of Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada: Current Trends and Issues. Dr. Belanger is a regular contributor to the Canadian and international media, having appeared on the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN), on The National with Peter Mansbridge, on CBC Radio International, in the National Post, and in other venues. Dr. Belanger lives in Lethbridge with his wife Tammie-Jai and their two "girls" Jessie and Nicki.