Skip to content

The Law Enforcement Handbook, 4th Edition

By James Bailey, Stephen Rowland
Instructional Resources
Digital teaching aids may be available for this title. All instructor requests are reviewed by our team before the files are made accessible.
Soft Cover
331 pages
ISBN-10: 9780176501273
ISBN-13: 9780176501273
Publisher: Top Hat
Edition: 4th
The Law Enforcement Handbook is designed to provide the basic grounding a police officer requires to perform effectively while carrying out the duties of a patrol officer or criminal investigator. Because the division between patrol and investigative duties varies considerably among police forces, and may not exist in smaller departments, the author has taken a comprehensive approach that follows the officer from the initial stop of a suspect on the street to testimony in court. This book can be used as a core text for recruit training, as a handbook for more experienced officers, as a training manual for security personnel without prior police experience, or as a resource book in university police science courses. A thorough mastery of the material presented in this book will provide the information required to handle virtually all normal police duties, up to and including major criminal investigations. Written by one of Canada’s most distinguished police executives and criminal investigators, Desmond Rowland, this book offers a practical approach to the police profession. Designed to provide quick access to detailed information, it will serve as a useful reference for police officers and security personnel of all levels.

Features

New To This Edition
• Thoroughly updated content that reflects the latest trends in policing
• Additional photos that illustrate topics such as Traffic Accident Investigation, Airplane Accident Scene, Domestic Violence Scene, Footprints, Fingerprints, Clothing as Evidence, Firearm Tattooing, Blood Scene (Wall), Blunt Force Trauma, Arson Scene, and Drug Busts 
• An expanded appendix that includes new material on WHMIS Classes and Hazard Symbols, Blood Patterns and Direction, and Types of Impact • A new chapter on Fighting Terrorism

Table of Contents

  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv

PART ONE / PATROL

  • Working The Streets 1
  • Introduction 1 
  • Preparation for Patrol Duties 2
  • Working Your Patrol Area 4
  • Street Knowledge 11
  • Developing Your Powers of Observation 14
  • Checking Business Premises 17
  • Investigating Suspicious Persons 20
  • Dealing with Suspicious Situations 21
  • Reducing Public Hazards 23

2. ON THE RECORD 25

  • Notebooks 25Notebooks 25I. Notebooks 25
  • Reports 31
  • Obtaining Information 33

3. RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES 39

  • Approaching Emergency Situations 39
  • Approaching Emergency Situations 39
  • Approaching Accident Scenes 41
  • Approaching Crime Scenes 42
  • Homicide and Other Violent Crimes 51

4. STOPPING AND SEARCHING VEHICLES 56

  • Introduction 56
  • Procedures 57
  • The General Vehicle Stop 58
  • The High-Risk Stop 62
  • Checking the Driver 65
  • Searching the Suspect Vehicle 66
  • Abandoned Vehicles 68

5. TRAFFIC ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION 71

  • Introduction 71
  • Launching an Accident Investigation 71
  • Conducting the Accident Investigation 74
  • Investigating Hit-and-Run Accidents 79
  • Accidents Causing Death or Serious Injury 82

6. HAZARDS AND DISASTERS 84

  • General Procedures 84
  • Fallen Wires 84
  • Fires 85
  • Explosives 87
  • Ice Storms 88
  • Dangerous Gases and Chemicals 89
  • Radioactive Materials 93
  • Aircraft Accidents 95

7. FIGHTING TERRORISM 97

  • Introduction 97
  • The Nature of Terrorism 98
  • Terrorism Defined 99
  • Identifying Possible Terrorists 100
  • Patrol Officer’s Responsibilities 102
  • Likely Terrorist Targets 103
  • What Is Likely to Happen During an Attack 103

8. STREET PSYCHOLOGY 105

  • Domestic Gun Calls 105
  • Family Disputes 110
  • Hostage Situations 113
  • Nuisance Offences 115

9. COMMUNITY POLICING 121

  • Introduction 121
  • The Principles and Practices of Community Policing 121
  • Building Community Partnerships 122
  • Officer Qualifications 122
  • Skills and Training Required 123
  • Community Policing Tactics 123
  • Measuring Success 124
  • Benefits of Community Policing 125

PART TWO / CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION
10. SUSPECT INTERVIEWS 127

  • Introduction 127
  • Prerequisites for a Successful Interview 127
  • Conducting the Interview 131
  • The Type A Suspect 137
  • The Type B Suspect 140
  • Post-Interview Procedures 144
  • Conclusion 144

11. THE CRIME SCENE 146

  • Introduction 146
  • The Crime Scene 146
  • The Search for Evidence 153
  • Latent Fingerprint Evidence 159
  • Clothing as Evidence 165

12. FORENSIC SCIENCE 168

  • Introduction 168
  • Documents 168
  • Firearms 173
  • Toolmark Evidence 185
  • Blood 188
  • Seminal Stains 193
  • Blunt Trauma 195
  • Hairs and Fibres 197
  • Soils and Plant Materials 199
  • Metals 200
  • Wood 202
  • Paint 203
  • Glass 204
  • Drugs and Poisons 206
  • Shoe Prints and Tire Treads 207
  • Fire Accelerants 210

13. MAJOR CASE MANAGEMENT 213

  • Introduction 213
  • Characteristics of a Major Case 213
  • Principal Goals of Major Case Investigations 214
  • Controlling the Investigation 214
  • Information Control 217
  • Sources of Information 219
  • External Communications 221
  • Identification of Suspects 224
  • Modus Operandi Analysis 227
  • Psychological Profiling 229

14. RAIDS AND SEARCHES 231

  • Introduction 231
  • Planning a Raid 231
  • Conducting the Raid 234
  • Evidence: Looking for Possible Places of Concealment 235
  • Investigating Drug Operations: A Special Case 238

15. SURVEILLANCE 241

  • Introduction 241
  • Preparation for Surveillance 241
  • Types of Foot Surveillance 243
  • Surveillance Tactics 246
  • Automobile Surveillance 250
  • Fixed Surveillance 252

16. INTERNAL THEFT INVESTIGATION 254

  • Introduction 254
  • Investigation of Internal Thefts 256
  • Prevention Techniques 257

17. CRIME BY COMPUTER 261

  • Introduction 261
  • Types of Computer Crime 262
  • Warning Signs of Financial Computer Crime 264
  • Examples of Computer-Crime Techniques 265
  • Methods of Access 266
  • Profile of the Computer Criminal 268
  • Countermeasures 271
  • Computer-Crime Investigation 272

18. IN THE WITNESS BOX 275

  • Preparing for Court 275
  • In Court 280

PART THREE / PERSONAL CHALLENGES
19. ETHICS 285

  • Introduction 285
  • Personal Factors Underlying Ethical Decisions 286
  • Resolving Ethical Dilemmas 287

20. JOB STRESS 292

  • Introduction 292
  • The Causes and Effects of Stress 293
  • Symptoms of Negative Stress Reaction (Burnout) 294
  • Preventative Action 296

Appendix A: Key Word Chart—Suspect Descriptions 301
Appendix B: WHMIS Classes and Hazard Symbols 307
Appendix C: Commonly Used Drugs Chart 309
Appendix D: Blood Patterns and Direction 319
Appendix E: Types of Impact 321
Appendix F: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 322
Index 331

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

1. Sample Notebook Page, 32
2. A High-Risk Stop, 64
3. Druggist’s Fold, 160
4. Components of a Cartridge, 174
5. Rifling, 177
6. Shotshells, 178
7. Bullet Direction, 206
8. Identification Form, 225
9. One-Person Surveillance, 244
10. Three-Person Surveillance, 245

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. Traffic Accident Investigation, 75
2. Airplane Accident Scene, 95
3. Domestic Violence Scene, 112
4. Footprints, 151
5. Fingerprints, 159
6. Clothing as Evidence, 166
7. Firearm Tattooing, 180
8. Blood Scene (Wall), 189
9. Blunt Force Trauma, 195
10. Arson Scene, 211
11. Drug Bust, 234

Author Information

Jim Bailey is a former journalist from Mississauga who covered the Peel Police for many years, and as a result watched a number of today’s key law enforcement officials rise through the ranks.  A corporate communications professional, Jim has written executive speeches for high-profile events such as the World Economic Forum at Davos, and, in the past, his clients have included cabinet ministers and many other business and political leaders.

Stephen Rowland is a Detective with the Peel Regional Police Service and the son of Desmond Rowland.  He has great professional connections as well as a wealth of experience from his work in various aspects of policing: community policing, management and supervision.  Stephen currently works in intelligence, where he heads up a unit consisting of several law enforcement agencies.  He is also a guest lecturer at various community colleges.