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Destinies: Canadian History Since Confederation, 8th Edition

By Robert Wardhaugh, Alan MacEachern, R. Douglas Francis, Richard Jones, Donald B. Smith
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Soft Cover
ISBN-10: 017659308X
ISBN-13: 9780176593087
Publisher: Top Hat
Edition: 8th

Destinies and its pre-Confederation partner Origins continue their unrivalled ability to tell the story of the history of Canada by balancing different types of history while maintaining a coherent narrative that does not drown the reader in detail. In their new editions, these books have made even greater investment in student engagement, from beautiful production values to a careful integration of social history, with relevant examples that show readers history in the novels and films around them.


  • *NEW* The authors have expanded coverage of environmental history, recognizing how issues such as oil sands extraction and climate change have grown in prominence.
  • *NEW* Expanded coverage of Canada's position in the Atlantic world—tied as it has historically been to Western Europe and the United States—moves readers beyond the nation state toward a more thorough consideration of history in transnational and international terms.
  • *NEW* In keeping with a greater awareness of the nation's settler colonial past, the authors have incorporated more history of the First Nations and of Canada's treatment of them.
  • Destinies continues its successful tradition of taking a narrative approach to history, telling the story of Canada from the last Ice Age to Confederation in 1867, while also recognizing changes in Canadian historical scholarship.
  • Structured chronologically, to help students understand how events developed over time, Destinies is divided into large thematic sections, each introduced by a brief overview of topics highlighted in the section's chapters
  • Each chapter treats a period (or region or theme) and begins with a "Time Line" listing the key events discussed (exceptions occur when some important issues are presented thematically).
  • "Where Historians Disagree" boxes provide a historiographical perspective by highlighting some of the most contentious debates in history, along with highlighting some of the innovative work being done by Canadian historians.
  • Historical Portraits feature both well-known and not-so-well-known people whose lives and experiences reflect important issues and trends.
  • Community Portraits highlight the contributions of selected communities.

Table of Contents

  • List of Maps
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Confederation
  • Part One: Expanding the New Dominion, 1867?1914
  • Chapter 2: Three Oceans, One Country: 1867?80
  • Chapter 3: A ?National Policy??
  • Chapter 4: The Fragile Union
  • Chapter 5: Imperialism, Continentalism, and Nationalism
  • Part Two: Industrial Canada, 1867?1914
  • Chapter 6: Boomtime: Industrialization at the Turn of the Century
  • Chapter 7: The Impact of Urban and Industrial Growth
  • Chapter 8: An Era of Social Reform: 1890?1914
  • Chapter 9: Culture: 1867?1914
  • Part Three: War and Depression, 1914?45
  • Chapter 10: Canada in the Great War
  • Chapter 11: Canada, 1919?29: A Decade of Adjustment
  • Chapter 12: Canada in the Great Depression
  • Chapter 13: Canada in World War II
  • Part 4: Modern Canada, 1945 to the Present
  • Chapter 14: Toward a More Affluent Society: 1945?60
  • Chapter 15: Protest and Reform: The 1960s
  • Chapter 16: The Making of Modern Quebec
  • Chapter 17: Immigration and Multiculturalism
  • Chapter 18: Canada in the 1970s and the 1980s
  • Chapter 19: Contemporary Canada
  • Appendix: Canadian Prime Ministers since Confederation
  • Index

Author Information

Robert Wardhaugh

Dr. Wardhaugh is a political and regional historian of late nineteenth- and twentieth-century Canada whose research interests include federalism, the Prairie West, rural/small town, and the Métis. Dr. Wardhaugh teaches courses on all aspects of Canadian history. He was nominated for the Award of Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching in 2004 and 2005, and won the award in 2008.

Alan MacEachern

Alan MacEachern teaches and researches Canadian history, with an emphasis on environmental history. Professor MacEachern is director of NiCHE: Network in Canadian History & Environment and editor of the Canadian History and Environment series at the University of Calgary Press.

R. Douglas Francis

Douglas Francis teaches Canadian history at the University of Calgary. He has published Frank H. Underhill: Intellectual Provocateur (University of Toronto Press, 1986), which won the J.W. Dafoe Book Prize (1986) for the best book published on a subject of national and international importance, and Images of the West: Changing Perceptions of the Prairies, 1690-1960 (Western Producer Prairie Books, 1989), which was awarded a Regional Award of Merit from the Association for Canadian Studies. Mr. Francis co-authored a two-volume history of Canada: Origins: Canadian History to 1867 and Destinies: Canadian History since 1867, 6th ed (Nelson, 2008), and a one-volume history, Journeys: A History of Canada (Nelson Thomson Learning, 2005). In addition to writing, he has edited a number of books (with Donald B. Smith) including Readings in Canadian History: Pre-Confederation and Readings in Canadian History: Post-Confederation, 7th editions (Nelson Thomson Learning, 2006) He has published numerous articles in Canadian intellectual and Western Canadian history. He was Visiting Professor of Canadian Studies in Japan from 1991 to 1993, and in Dresden, Germany in 2005.

Richard Jones

Richard Jones was Professor of Canadian History at Université Laval from 1970 to 2000. He is particularly interested in French-English relations, issues relating to language and immigration.

Donald B. Smith

Donald Smith was born in Toronto in l946, and raised in Oakville, Ontario. He prepared both his B.A. and his Ph.D. at the University of Toronto, and his M.A. at the Universite Laval in Quebec City. In l974 he began teaching Canadian history at the University of Calgary. Professor Smith's main research field is Native History, an area in which he has published three biographies: Long Land. The True Story of an Impostor (l982): Sacred Feathers. The Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) and the Mississauga Indians (1987), and From the Land of Shadows. The Making of Grey Oel (l990). Currently he is writing a history of twentieth century Calgary.