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Ways Of Knowing, 3rd Edition

By Yale D. Belanger
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Soft Cover
480 pages
ISBN-10: 0176696563
ISBN-13: 9780176696566
Publisher: Top Hat
Edition: 3rd

This book is designed as a thematically organized text for students in introductory courses in Indigenous Studies who are being introduced to Indigenous issues for the first time. It is framed from an academic perspective and addresses the Indigenous intellectual tradition and the academic study of Indigenous peoples. Taking a historically grounded approach and writing in a narrative style that largely avoids technical language, Belanger includes unique chapters on Indigenous philosophy, Indigenous peoples’ relationship with the land, political economy, and the arts. It also highlights the sociopolitical and socioeconomic challenges currently facing Canada’s Indigenous leaders and their communities nationally.


  • *NEW* Throughout: updates regarding various treaty agreements and their status
  • *NEW* Chapter 15: updated coverage of the reaction of municipal governments to having responsibility for urban Aboriginal populations transferred to them instead of remaining a Federal government responsibility; updated discussion about Urban Economic Development Zones and Satellite Reserves
  • *NEW* Chapter 5: a new introduction which touches on government attitudes toward upholding the Indian Act, infrastructure spending on reserves, and recent issues such as murdered and missing women, as well as a new section on the legacy of the residential school system and the results of the Truth and Reconciliation Committee Report
  • *NEW* Chapter 6: updates regarding the recent developments to the legal status of Métis as Aboriginal people in the eyes of the Federal government; a new discussion about Métis rights (land claims, hunting) in Western provinces, which includes Harry Daniels, a plaintiff in the 2016 case which sought to resolve which level of government bears responsibility for Métis and non-status Indians
  • *NEW* Chapter 9: revised section on the fourth wave of political organizing, including funding cutbacks, changes in the Assembly of First Nations, and challenges to government policy; revisions to a section on alternative organizing models
  • *NEW* Chapter 10: updated coverage of trends in overrepresentation of Native people in the Canadian prison population, government inquiries into the increase of Native suicides (especially among youth), and the abuse of Native women by police; updated discussion about Aboriginal Justice Strategy (renewal of program through 2017) and a description of the approaches it uses in contrast to the traditional justice system
  • *NEW* Chapter 11: new section at the end of the chapter, "Reflections: Self-Government in the 21st Century," regarding Native groups who are currently pushing for self-government and greater control in areas such as education, housing, access to financial and natural resources
  • *NEW* Chapter 12: Revised discussion about "contemporary Native economies"; a new discussion about the success of First Nations casino operations and the effect on local economies; a new table showing First Nations casino employees/wages (native vs. non-native employees); a new section entitled "Native Economic Development: Innovative Approaches"
  • *NEW* Chapter 13: updates on poverty rates among Native children vs. non-native population and lack of government response; a discussion regarding the lack of infrastructure spending on Native reserves to ensure adequate housing, health care, and other social services, and results of this in recent years
  • *NEW* Chapter 14: updated discussions regarding myths about Native issues and pervasiveness in the media and APTN's announcement in 2016 of new partnerships that will provide more coverage across North America; a new section on the Idle No More movement and its impact on our perception of Aboriginal people and their concerns
  • Historically grounded exploration of the wide variety of issues that inform the lives of Native peoples in Canada today
  • Includes unique chapters on Native philosophy, language, art and literature, and writing about Native history and Native issues
  • Highlights the sociopolitical and socioeconomic challenges impacting Native leaders and their communities nationally

Table of Contents

  • Part One: Philosophy and Ways of Knowing
  • Chapter 1: Ways of Knowing
  • Chapter 2: The Land and Indigenous Political Economy
  • Chapter 3: The Arts
  • Part Two: History
  • Chapter 4: Treaties
  • Chapter 5: The Indian Act and Indian Affairs in Canada
  • Chapter 6: The Metis
  • Chapter 7: The Inuit and Nunavut
  • Chapter 8: Native Military Traditions and the Canadian Forces
  • Part Three: Political Economy
  • Chapter 9: Political Organizing in Canada
  • Chapter 10: Native People and the Canadian Justice System
  • Chapter 11: Self-Government
  • Chapter 12: Economic Development
  • Part Four: Contemporary Issues
  • Chapter 13: Health and Well-Being in Canada
  • Chapter 14: Communications
  • Chapter 15: Urban Issues

Author Information

Yale D. Belanger

Dr.Yale D. Belanger (Ph.D.) is an Assistant Professor of Native American Studies (NAS) at the University of Lethbridge (Alberta). Trained as a political historian, his doctoral work at Trent University focused on the emergence and evolution of Aboriginal political organizations in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Canada. Currently the book review editor for the Native Studies Review, Dr. Belanger also sits (since 2002) on the editorial board of Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development (JAED). He is widely published in various edited compilations and in journals such as Canadian Foreign Policy, Saskatchewan Institute on Public Policy, Alberta History, Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Native Studies Review, and American Indian Quarterly. In 2006 he produced Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada (Purich), the first book-length treatment of casino gaming as developed by Canada's First Nations. In 2008 he edited the third edition of Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada: Current Trends and Issues. Dr. Belanger is a regular contributor to the Canadian and international media, having appeared on the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN), on The National with Peter Mansbridge, on CBC Radio International, in the National Post, and in other venues. Dr. Belanger lives in Lethbridge with his wife Tammie-Jai and their two "girls" Jessie and Nicki.